The national Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Irrigation Program (Ru-WatSIP) was created in 2003 by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD). The responsibility of this program is to develop policy, formulate strategy, plan, coordinate, and implement rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities undertaken by private sectors, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the rural communities namely Community Development Councils (CDCs) and District Development Assemblies (DDAs). Through the promotion of improved access to safe and sustainable water supplies and sanitation services and the adoption of hygienic best practices at the personal, household and community levels, the Ru-WatSIP works to reduce morbidity and mortality rates (particularly for children under five years of age) and (enhance productivity and well-being. Access to improved and safer water and sanitation services in rural communities collectively contribute to increased human health. The program is inclusively supporting all of the communities including the poorest and vulnerable people.
► Improve access of the rural population to 25 litres per capita per day (LPCD) from 27% to 50% in 2014, and 70% to 100% in 2016 and 2020 respectively and improve potable quality of drinking water (WHO standards)
► Make all villages/rural communities in the country 100% free and fully sanitized by 2020; and 50% and 70% by 2014 and 2016 respectively by empowering communities to:
• Improve existing traditional latrines to become safe, hygienic and ensure user privacy;
• Make new latrines as models of safe sanitation in households, schools and clinics;
• Undertake the safe disposal of solid and liquid wastes
► Provide hygiene education with appropriate follow-up activities in schools, households and communities for sustained behavior change and adoption of safe hygiene practices