Basic concepts

21. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)
22. Information Education Communication (IEC)


1. Community: existing local settlement and social partners with common belief, interests, values and objectives.

2. Community Development Councils (CDCs): A group of community members including both men and women elected by the community to serve as its decision making body. The CDC is the social and development foundation at community level, responsible for implementation and supervision of development projects and liaison between the communities and government and non-government organizations. The CDS is to be governed by the CDS by laws.

 3. Community Action Planning (CAP): Is a process by which community will be involved in planning the scheme and decision-making through CDCs.

4. Community Mapping: Community mapping is one of the methods of gathering actual information on a sheet of paper in a participatory manner through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) mechanism.

5. Community Contribution Plan (CCP): It is a process in which community should contribute at least 10% of the total capital cost of the projects.

6. Community Capacity Building Plan (CCBP): Community capacity building plan includes training and orientation needs of the community and community organization.

7. Socialization:The process by which roles are constructed. They indicate the norms of behaviors for different members in a society such as women, girls, boys and men. It includes our beliefs, attitudes and practices.

8. Family: Consisting of a husband, wife (or wives), and unmarried children: or a single head of household (male or female) and his/her unmarried children. The number of families in each targeted community is counted to determine the direct beneficiaries of the project.

9. Sanitation: Sanitation is the management of human excreta including safe disposal of excreta and composting. Human excreta are human bodily waste which is excreted from the body, such as urine and feces.

10. Improved Sanitation: Improved sanitation includes flush latrine, improved latrine and covered latrine.

11. Un-improved Sanitation: Un-improved sanitation includes open pit, darean and open defecation.

 12.Sanitation Plan: A plan which will be prepared in participation of community based on true demand of the community households.

13. Hygiene: Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness from the innermost circle of households and beyond.

14. Hygiene Education: awareness creation by conducting hygiene education gatherings and programmes aiming to promote hygiene.

15. Personal Hygiene: The aim of personal hygiene is to promote standards of personal cleanliness within the setting of the condition where people live.

16. Domestic Hygiene: Comprises that of the home, use of drinking water, foods, hygienic disposal of wastes, use of toilet, need to avoid rats, mice and insects.

17. Community Hygiene: The emphasis is on the improvement of basic sanitary practices, services consisting of water supply, disposal of human excreta (especially open defecation).

18. Open Defecation (OD):Defecation in the open areas that could easily contact and reach to humans.

19. Open Defecation Free (ODF): No faeces are openly exposed to the air or no faeces in the open area that could reach to humans easily.

20. Family Health Action Groups (FHAGs): It is the group of mothers established in a village and trained in hygiene for practicing good hygiene and later on encouraging neighboring mothers to do so.

21. Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS): It is an approach used to mobilize communities to completely alleviate open defecation.

22. Information Education Communication (IEC): are materials designed and printed used to educate, mobilize, encourage and remind people about a specific action. These could be in terms of pictures, posters, banners, bill boards, notebooks, leaflets and others.

23 Water, Sanitation Users’ Group/Committee (WSUG/C): The Water and Sanitation Users’ Group/ Committee (WSUG/C) is community-based decision making body for the implementation of the project.

24. Safe drinking water: Defined as water from protected sources such as Hand pump (public), Hand pump (in compound), Bored well (hand pump), Bored well motorized, Spring, Pipe scheme (gravity), Pipe scheme motorized, Pipe scheme (municipal), and Bowser/water tanker.

25. Unsafe water: Defined as water from unprotected sources such as Shallow open well (public), Shallow open well (in compound), Spring (unprotected), Arhad, Karez, River Lake Canal, Kanda, Nawar Dand Dam, Pool, Drainage and etc.